jueves, 7 de noviembre de 2013
The administration says , and that there is a “” between U.S. and independent figures. But the administration won’t release its own figures.
since 2002 from just over 200 to more than 1,000. The Pakistani government has given : 400, 147, and 67.
and the obtained intelligence documents showing that for long stretches of time, the CIA estimated few or no civilian deaths. The documents also confirmed the use of , in which the U.S. targets people without knowing their identity. The CIA categorized many of those killed as simply “other militants” or “foreign fighters.” The Post wrote that the agency sometimes designated “militants” with what seemed like circumstantial or vague evidence, such as “men who were ‘probably’ involved in cross-border attacks” in Afghanistan.
The administration reportedly signature strikes this year, though the new guidelines don’t necessarily preclude them. A White House factsheet released around Obama’s speech that “it is the case that all military-aged males in the vicinity of a target are deemed to be combatants.” It did not say that people must be identified. (In any case, the U.S. has not officially acknowledged the policy of signature strikes.)
Attorney General Eric Holder only that four Americans have been killed by drone strikes since 2009: and his sixteen-year-old son, ,, and . Holder said that only the elder Awlaki was “specifically targeted,” but did not explain how the others came to be killed. Although Obama said that this disclosure was intended to “,” since then, the administration .
The list of groups that the military considers “associated forces” of Al Qaeda . The administration has that it targets members of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, and “elements of Al Shabaab, but there are still questions about how the U.S. determines that an individual belonging to those groups is in fact a “continuing and imminent threat.” (After the terror alarm that led to the closing of U.S. embassies this summer, officials they had “expanded the scope of people [they] could go after” in Yemen.)
This ties into the debate over civilian casualties: The government would seem to consider some people legitimate targets .
and conducted in-depth studies of particular strikes in Pakistan and Yemen, respectively. They include of civilian deaths. (Most of the deaths investigated happened before the Obama administration’s new policies were announced, although the administration has not said when those guidelines went into effect.) The reports also raised questions of the of specific, questioning whether the deaths were all unavoidable casualties of legitimate attacks. It that the U.S. plans to expand strikes against Al Qaeda to other countries – officials have reportedly told Iraq, for example, . But the U.S. has established , and fed information from drones .
CIA director John Brennan suggested during his confirmation hearing that the U.S. made to harmed families. But there is little evidence of it happening. U.S. Central Command related to condolence payments – but wouldn’t release any of them to us.
While unnamed officials sometimes confirm that strikes came from U.S. drones, other attacks may be from , planes. (It’s also worth noting that the U.S. has also and . But the bulk of U.S. counterterrorism actions outside Afghanistan in recent years appear to rely on drones.)
Some members of Congress have seen the legal memos behind targeted killing of U.S. citizens. But lawmakers to all memos on the program. Legislation would require the administration to give the Intelligence Committees a list of such legal opinions. Other congressmen have introduced more reporting requirements for targeted killings. (Proposals for a “” for oversight have not gotten very far.) It’s far from clear that any of that additional oversight would lead to public disclosure.
The government and the American Civil Liberties Union and the New York Times are over requests for drone documents. While a judge has ruled the CIA that it in drones, the agency to release any information yet. The government has also so far fought off disclosure of legal memos underpinning targeted killings.
Documents provided by Edward Snowden to the Washington Post the NSA’s “extensive involvement.” Lawyers in a terrorism-related case that government surveillance of their client may have led to a drone strike in Somalia. a detailed account of Yemen using a child to plant a tracking chip on a man who was killed in a U.S. strike.
The with at least some U.S. – long an open secret – has now . Public sentiment in the country is , and politicians . Limited polling in the region most affected by drones is contradictory, with some saying that at the very least, campaigns. Life in those areas is between a drone and a hard place: Residents told Amnesty International of the psychological toll from drones, and they reprisals from militants who accuse them of spying.
Yemen’s president continues to – particularly those strikes , or those whose affiliations with Al Qaeda aren’t clear. Foreign Policy the aftermath of an August strike where two teenagers died. Their family disputes they had any link to terrorism.
More of the across the world has been revealed – from the to the fact that drones , in the Horn of Africa, after crashes and fear of collision with passenger planes.
The administration had reportedly planned to scale back the CIA’s role in targeted killing, moving control of much of the drone program to the military. But the CIA reportedly still handles and . Officials told Foreign Policy yesterday that the transition .